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Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

The World is Hungry!!!

Eight weeks into Russia’s invasion, the war is having major repercussions around the world, especially on food security. The UN World Food Programme recently warned that the war was creating a food crisis “beyond anything we’ve seen since World War II.”

Ukraine and Russia are major producers of wheat, barley and corn. They account for a combined share of 27, 23 and 15 percent of global exports between 2016 and 2020. The World Food Programme gets 50% of its grain supplies from the Ukraine-Russia area. World wheat prices soared by 19.7% in March! Corn prices posted a 19.1% month-on-month increase. They hit a record high price, as did barley, sorghum and vegetable oils. Prices are only going to get worse as the war drags on. The human suffering is going to be immense.

 

People in line for daily delivery of food. Hungry
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

This is a catastrophe on top of a catastrophe! War – climate change and the pandemic. Right now Climate change is impacting countries all over the world. There are : 1) floods in Australia; 2) tornados in the U.S. Southeast; 3) a tropical cyclone in Mozambique; 4) floods in South Africa; and 5) droughts in Africa (from Gambia to Angola and Eritrea to Somalia), India, Pakistan, Southern Europe, the center of South America, the Southwestern U.S., the Canadian arctic and Northeastern Australia. The predictions are it is only going to get worse. Climate change is also a driver of many of the conflicts and wars around the world. Together climate change and civil conflicts make hunger so much worse.

 

High temperatures in March 2022
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

During the Roll/Stroll, I repeatedly warned that 100 million people could slide into severe poverty due to the Pandemic and climate change. Because of the war in Ukraine and the reductions in food, fertilizer and fuel, now 250 million people are predicted to slip into severe poverty. Internationally, hunger has many names. Severe poverty is living on less than US$2.00 per day.

“Without immediate radical action, we could be witnessing the most profound collapse of humanity into extreme poverty and suffering in memory,” said Oxfam International executive director Gabriela Bucher. “This terrifying prospect is made more sickening by the fact that trillions of dollars have been captured by a tiny group of powerful men who have no interest in interrupting this trajectory.”

 

Simple meal of grain. 2 people eating from the same dish. Hunger is on the rise. Hunger emergency
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

In many parts of Asia, the Americas and in Africa, many people before the war in Ukraine already were spending 50-60% of their income on food. In the US, the poorest 20 percent of families are spending 27 percent of their incomes on food. The richest 20 percent spend only 7 percent of their incomes on food.

People are finding it harder to find enough food

With prices going up due to shortages and inflation, and more disruptions in the global food distribution system, people are finding it harder to find enough food. It is estimated that more than 44 million people in 38 countries are teetering on the edge of famine. Famines result in malnutrition, starvation, disease, and high death rates. 250 million facing severe poverty, while 800+ million people face hunger (food deprivation, or undernourishment fewer than 1,800 calories/day).  One-in-four people globally – 1.9 billion – are moderately or severely food insecure. Even more people are suffering from simple food insecurity where they don’t know where their next meal is coming from. There are people in your town or city who right now need food!

Starving people clamoring for food
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

With food prices due to the pandemic, the war, shortages of basic foods (wheat, corn, cooking oil) price going up – this is only getting worse. We have to find our humanity and raise an appropriate response despite the fact that the people worse affected are black, brown, red and yellow. There are plenty of white people who don’t have enough to eat too. Compassion is the key. We are all people, and have to act to help!

Interlocking hands - together we can
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

Categories
Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

The First Government Falls Because of Food And Fuel Shortages And Climate Change

First country falls

I'M HUNGRY
I’M HUNGRY

Categories
Climate Change Food Resiliency Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

Like Lemmings, Humanity is Ignoring the Perils of Climate Change and Hunger, and Is Headed Off a Cliff

The latest Climate Report from the IPCC, confirms that climate change is and will increasingly cause food supply shocks.  Harvests are predicted to fail simultaneously in multiple major food-producing countries. Such shocks will lead to shortages and price spikes. Climate change is a “threat multiplier,” making hunger emergencies worse. In some cases, it will be the primary cause. Food productivity is already down 21%.

Climate change does not act in isolation, it compounds food shortages from the pandemic and the war in Ukraine, and makes risks increasingly complex and difficult to manage. Climate change is affecting agricultural productivity in many different ways. Climate change causes increases in mean and extreme temperatures, alters rain and snow amounts, changes the intensity and timing monsoons and storms .

Elevated CO2 concentrations cause uneven increases in temperatures worldwide. Fluctuating wind and jet stream patterns can bring arctic air south and tropical moist air into the arctic.

It is predicted that the world’s population will hit 10 billion people in 2050. It is also predicted that by 2050, we will have hotter temperatures, increased flooding, disruptions in rainy seasons, sea level rise, reduced access to freshwater, all of which will make feeding them more challenging.

The IPCC report demonstrates that if we surpass 1.5°C of warming in the next two decades, even temporarily will result in irreversible impacts to crop, animal and seafood production. Every inhabited region of the world will experience the effects of climate change on food.

Over 40 percent of the global population, already lives in places that are going to be devastated by climate impacts. Despite contributing the least to the problem, they face with the worst impacts and have little or no adaptation funding.

Insufficient rainfall since late 2020 has come as a fatal blow to populations already suffering from a locust invasion between 2019 and 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic. A drought is engulfing the Horn of Africa. (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA / AFP) (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images)

We laugh at the thought of lemmings running off cliffs into the sea. But humanity has all of the knowledge we need to know that we need to act immediately to build resiliency into our food production and distribution. And rather than taking action, the majority of people are continuing like zombies toward the cliff. We need to mobilize the resources necessary to prepare to the crisis we know is just around the corner.

We have to anticipate crop failures and encourage more production on moderate and low yield areas, so if, using an example from this year, floods reduce the wheat harvest in China at the same time that Russia and Ukraine go to war and potentially reduce global wheat supplies by 30%, there are alternate sources of food. We can do it. We need to stop being polite and demand action. Millions of people are at peril if these preparations are not made.

Categories
Climate Change Food Resiliency Natural Disasters War

War in Ukraine and Climate Change Demands Food Production Resiliency or There Will Be Hunger!

Among the horrifying humanitarian consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine troubling short-, medium- and long-term disruptions to the global food supply. Ukraine and Russia contribute nearly one-third of all wheat exports.

Barn destroyed in Ukraine

Already, wheat prices have soared to record highs. The fate of the approximately 6 million hectares of wheat planted in Ukraine remains uncertain. This picture will probably only worsen with rising input costs, as supply-chain disruptions, not least of fertilizer and fuel.

Floods impact wheat crops in China.

There could not have been a worse time for heavy rains to have dented China’s winter wheat crop. The last time wheat prices increased sharply, in 2008, it precipitated food riots from Burkina Faso to Bangladesh.

The war highlights the folly of having 2.5 billion people depend so heavily on three main regions of wheat production and export in a changing climate.

The world needs to spread its bets. How? By expanding wheat production in high-productivity areas (North America and Europe) and in regions with suitable conditions (Sudan and Nigeria), and by increasing productivity in places where it is low (such as Ethiopia and Turkey).

Second, real-time monitoring and feedback systems need to be used and scaled to safeguard production and protect the most vulnerable crops. Advances in satellite and remote-sensing imagery make it possible to chart progress in real time.

Third, developments in agricultural science and policy need to target support to women. A decade ago, the FAO estimated that if women had access to resources (land, technology, credit, education and so on) as men did, they could increase yields by 20–30%!

The war in Ukraine, the pandemic and the impacts of climate change are all impacting food production, distribution and global hunger. There needs to be a coordinated response to address this emergency and then to build resiliency, so loss of one crop doesn’t cause massive hunger!

 

 

 

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Climate Change War

War in Ukraine, Pandemic and Climate Change Combining to Create a Global Food Crisis

On 24 February, the Russia launched its attack against Ukraine. Unfortunately for the world, at the time of the attack, food prices worldwide were already at record highs, more than 24% higher than the same time last year due to the pandemic and climate change. Reports everywhere are predicting that the war will push food, fuel and fertilizer prices even higher with consequences that will be felt everywhere. 

Today, we will provide an overview of what the war between Russia and Ukraine means to global food and hunger. Over the next several blogs, we will unpack the various direct and indirect consequences of the war, including: 1) rising global prices food basic foods, fertilizer and fuel, 2) who will be hurt most by the high food, fuel and fertilizer prices, 3) protectionist measures adopted by countries who depend on Russian and Ukrainian cereals and fertilizers, implemented to keep foods from being exported and their consequences, 4)  impacts of the continuing pandemic and climate change that will exacerbate the food crisis, and 5) how the food crisis will impact efforts to combat climate change.

Russia and Ukraine are One of the Biggest Breadbaskets in the World

When Russia invaded Ukraine, the reaction of the major commodities markets was immediate, with wheat prices rising by 50% and other major food commodities posting similar surges. FAO has reported that Russia is the world’s largest exporter of wheat and Ukraine is the fifth largest. Together Russia and Ukraine account for 53 % of the global trade in sunflower oil and seeds, 27 % of wheat, 19% of the world’s barley, and 4% of its corn. Together they provide more than one-third of all global cereal exports. 

In addition, Russia and Belarus provide 30% of the world’s potassium fertilizers. Western sanctions and Russia’s export restrictions could dramatically affect the quantities and price of these fertilizers. If fertilizers are not available either because their exports are reduced or because prices are too high for farmers in low- and middle-income countries to afford, that could lead to lower yields at a time when the world needs higher cereal crop yields in order to make up for the missing food from Ukraine and Russia people in these countries will suffer terribly.

Dr. Matin Qaim, Professor of Agricultural Economics and Director of the Center for Development Research at the University of Bonn, told Euronews, “The poorest countries and the poorest people will be suffering the most.” Additionally, due to the higher costs of food and transport, the World Food Programme (WFP) has already announced that the WFP will be feeding fewer people, and cutting rations to people in many countries.

“Ukraine’s the breadbasket of the world and now we’re handing out bread inside Ukraine. I never thought that would happen. If this war rages on for another six months, this could be catastrophic all over the world with supply chain disruptions, increased food costs,” WFP chief David Beasley told the BBC earlier this week.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) just reported that international food and feed prices could rise by up to 20% as a result of the conflict in Ukraine, triggering a jump in global malnourishment. It is not clear whether Ukraine would be able to harvest crops if the war drags on, and Russia has already restricted food and fertilizer exports for the coming months. The most extreme estimates are that crop yields could drop by 50% if they do not receive sufficient fertilizer.

Egypt, Turkey, Indonesia and Bangladesh are the top importers of wheat from Russia and Ukraine. Almost 50 nations, including some of the world’s poorest countries, depend on those two sources for more than 30 percent of their wheat needs, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. 

The War is Already Causing Rising Food, Fuel and Fertilizer Prices

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has issued a rapid assessment of the war in Ukraine’s impact on trade and development that confirms a rapidly worsening outlook for the world economy, underpinned by rising food, fuel and fertilizer prices. The UNCTAD Report published on March 16, 2022, also shows heightened financial volatility, sustainable development divestment, complex global supply chain reconfigurations and mounting trade costs. “The war in Ukraine has a huge cost in human suffering and is sending shocks through the world economy,” UNCTAD Secretary-General Rebeca Grynspan said in a statement.

This rapidly evolving situation is alarming for developing countries, and especially for African and least developed countries, some of which are particularly exposed to the war in Ukraine and its effect on trade costs, commodity prices and financial markets. The risk of civil unrest, food shortages and inflation-induced recessions cannot be discounted, particularly given the fragile state of the global economy and the developing world as a result of the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease) pandemic and the continued disruptions and displacements due to climate change.

Climate Change Natural Disasters Could Make the Situation Worse and the War Could Increase Climate Change

Climate change is predicted to make the situation worse if food production in the world’s other breadbaskets is disrupted this year by extreme weather events, according to Jonas Jägermeyr, a climate scientist and crop modeler at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences. “Climate change is increasing weather and yield variability and if severe weather events such as droughts, heatwaves, or floods will hit this season there will be compound effects, destabilizing the food system further,” Jägermeyr was quoted as saying in Scientific American. “China already indicated that their wheat outlooks are very poor and other world regions don’t look great either.”

Another unintended consequence of rising food prices according to Craig Hanson, vice president of food, forest, water and oceans at the World Resources Institute, is that higher prices could lead to more clear-cutting for food production — and that could lead to increased emissions by unlocking carbon stored in the soil. Higher energy prices could also lead to increased production of biofuels, which could cause even more deforestation.

The FAO estimates that the war could drive up wheat prices by another 8.5 percent, forcing people to eat less food at a time when hunger and malnutrition are rising due to impacts from the pandemic and repeated disruptions due to climate change. Rising temperatures are already affecting crop yields and quality, and acting as a drag on agricultural productivity, an intergovernmental panel of climate scientists wrote in an assessment released last month. While most of the world has observed negative effects, ranging from lost livelihoods to increased food insecurity, the impacts have been felt unequally.