Categories
Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

The World is Hungry!!!

Eight weeks into Russia’s invasion, the war is having major repercussions around the world, especially on food security. The UN World Food Programme recently warned that the war was creating a food crisis “beyond anything we’ve seen since World War II.”

Ukraine and Russia are major producers of wheat, barley and corn. They account for a combined share of 27, 23 and 15 percent of global exports between 2016 and 2020. The World Food Programme gets 50% of its grain supplies from the Ukraine-Russia area. World wheat prices soared by 19.7% in March! Corn prices posted a 19.1% month-on-month increase. They hit a record high price, as did barley, sorghum and vegetable oils. Prices are only going to get worse as the war drags on. The human suffering is going to be immense.

 

People in line for daily delivery of food. Hungry
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

This is a catastrophe on top of a catastrophe! War – climate change and the pandemic. Right now Climate change is impacting countries all over the world. There are : 1) floods in Australia; 2) tornados in the U.S. Southeast; 3) a tropical cyclone in Mozambique; 4) floods in South Africa; and 5) droughts in Africa (from Gambia to Angola and Eritrea to Somalia), India, Pakistan, Southern Europe, the center of South America, the Southwestern U.S., the Canadian arctic and Northeastern Australia. The predictions are it is only going to get worse. Climate change is also a driver of many of the conflicts and wars around the world. Together climate change and civil conflicts make hunger so much worse.

 

High temperatures in March 2022
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

During the Roll/Stroll, I repeatedly warned that 100 million people could slide into severe poverty due to the Pandemic and climate change. Because of the war in Ukraine and the reductions in food, fertilizer and fuel, now 250 million people are predicted to slip into severe poverty. Internationally, hunger has many names. Severe poverty is living on less than US$2.00 per day.

“Without immediate radical action, we could be witnessing the most profound collapse of humanity into extreme poverty and suffering in memory,” said Oxfam International executive director Gabriela Bucher. “This terrifying prospect is made more sickening by the fact that trillions of dollars have been captured by a tiny group of powerful men who have no interest in interrupting this trajectory.”

 

Simple meal of grain. 2 people eating from the same dish. Hunger is on the rise. Hunger emergency
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

In many parts of Asia, the Americas and in Africa, many people before the war in Ukraine already were spending 50-60% of their income on food. In the US, the poorest 20 percent of families are spending 27 percent of their incomes on food. The richest 20 percent spend only 7 percent of their incomes on food.

People are finding it harder to find enough food

With prices going up due to shortages and inflation, and more disruptions in the global food distribution system, people are finding it harder to find enough food. It is estimated that more than 44 million people in 38 countries are teetering on the edge of famine. Famines result in malnutrition, starvation, disease, and high death rates. 250 million facing severe poverty, while 800+ million people face hunger (food deprivation, or undernourishment fewer than 1,800 calories/day).  One-in-four people globally – 1.9 billion – are moderately or severely food insecure. Even more people are suffering from simple food insecurity where they don’t know where their next meal is coming from. There are people in your town or city who right now need food!

Starving people clamoring for food
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

With food prices due to the pandemic, the war, shortages of basic foods (wheat, corn, cooking oil) price going up – this is only getting worse. We have to find our humanity and raise an appropriate response despite the fact that the people worse affected are black, brown, red and yellow. There are plenty of white people who don’t have enough to eat too. Compassion is the key. We are all people, and have to act to help!

Interlocking hands - together we can
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

 

Categories
Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

The First Government Falls Because of Food And Fuel Shortages And Climate Change

First country falls

I'M HUNGRY
I’M HUNGRY

Categories
Climate Change Food Resiliency Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

Like Lemmings, Humanity is Ignoring the Perils of Climate Change and Hunger, and Is Headed Off a Cliff

The latest Climate Report from the IPCC, confirms that climate change is and will increasingly cause food supply shocks.  Harvests are predicted to fail simultaneously in multiple major food-producing countries. Such shocks will lead to shortages and price spikes. Climate change is a “threat multiplier,” making hunger emergencies worse. In some cases, it will be the primary cause. Food productivity is already down 21%.

Climate change does not act in isolation, it compounds food shortages from the pandemic and the war in Ukraine, and makes risks increasingly complex and difficult to manage. Climate change is affecting agricultural productivity in many different ways. Climate change causes increases in mean and extreme temperatures, alters rain and snow amounts, changes the intensity and timing monsoons and storms .

Elevated CO2 concentrations cause uneven increases in temperatures worldwide. Fluctuating wind and jet stream patterns can bring arctic air south and tropical moist air into the arctic.

It is predicted that the world’s population will hit 10 billion people in 2050. It is also predicted that by 2050, we will have hotter temperatures, increased flooding, disruptions in rainy seasons, sea level rise, reduced access to freshwater, all of which will make feeding them more challenging.

The IPCC report demonstrates that if we surpass 1.5°C of warming in the next two decades, even temporarily will result in irreversible impacts to crop, animal and seafood production. Every inhabited region of the world will experience the effects of climate change on food.

Over 40 percent of the global population, already lives in places that are going to be devastated by climate impacts. Despite contributing the least to the problem, they face with the worst impacts and have little or no adaptation funding.

Insufficient rainfall since late 2020 has come as a fatal blow to populations already suffering from a locust invasion between 2019 and 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic. A drought is engulfing the Horn of Africa. (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA / AFP) (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images)

We laugh at the thought of lemmings running off cliffs into the sea. But humanity has all of the knowledge we need to know that we need to act immediately to build resiliency into our food production and distribution. And rather than taking action, the majority of people are continuing like zombies toward the cliff. We need to mobilize the resources necessary to prepare to the crisis we know is just around the corner.

We have to anticipate crop failures and encourage more production on moderate and low yield areas, so if, using an example from this year, floods reduce the wheat harvest in China at the same time that Russia and Ukraine go to war and potentially reduce global wheat supplies by 30%, there are alternate sources of food. We can do it. We need to stop being polite and demand action. Millions of people are at peril if these preparations are not made.

Categories
Climate Change Natural Disasters Uncategorized

Extraordinary Heat Waves Hit Both Poles!

Antarctic areas reach 40 degrees Celsius or 72 degrees Fahrenheit above normal at same time as north pole regions hit 30 degrees Celsius or 54 degrees Fahrenheit above usual levels!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

At this time of year, the Antarctic should be rapidly cooling after its summer, and the Arctic only slowly emerging from its winter, as days lengthen. For both poles to show such heating at once is unprecedented.

The danger is twofold: heatwaves at the poles are a strong signal of the damage humanity is wreaking on the climate; and the melting could also trigger further cascading changes that will accelerate climate breakdown.Arctic sea ice is melting at fastest rate ever. Climate change

As polar sea ice melts, particularly in the Arctic, it reveals dark sea that absorbs more heat than reflective ice, warming the planet further. Much of the Antarctic ice covers land, and its melting raises sea levels.

Scientists warned that the events unfolding were “historic”, “unprecedented” and “dramatic”. When are politicians going to hear their calls???

The iceberg, called A-76, measures about 105 miles in length and is over 15 miles wide. It broke from the western side of Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica’s Weddell Sea, the European Space Agency said. The iceberg is slightly larger than the Spanish island of Majorca and four times the size of New York City

Watch a massive calving in Antactica.

The iceberg, called A-76, measures about 105 miles in length and is over 15 miles wide. It broke from the western side of Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica’s Weddell Sea, the European Space Agency said. The iceberg is slightly larger than the Spanish island of Majorca and four times the size of New York City

1977, at McGill University in Montreal, I learned about the appearance of “global warming” which was being revealed as the world reduced sulfur dioxide emissions that were causing the acidification of lakes around the world. Since then, the reports have grown more and more dire.

At first scientists were subdued pointing out the problem politely, thinking that people would react to the science as they had with the ozone depleting substances and sulfur dioxide. They had not expected the backlash, false narrative and politicization of the issue that Big Oil unleashed.

Now they are shouting their warnings and still not enough people are alarmed. What can we do to magnify the voices for action to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases?

IPCC paths to different futures with disaster of climate change spelled out

The IPCC has plotted the disaster that is going to occur if we don’t durtail us of greenhouse gases. It also plots a path to a sustainable future. We have to follow that path!

Would love to hear ideas. Perhaps with a little help from you, we can make the changes happen!

Categories
Uncategorized

Adapt, move, or die! 4th Mass Coral Bleaching In 6 Years!

To our horror, another mass coral bleaching event is striking the Great Barrier Reef, with water temperatures reaching up to 3℃ higher than average in some places. This would be the sixth such event since the late 1990s, and the fourth since 2016.

A monitoring mission from the United Nations arrives in Queensland today to inspect the reef and consider listing the World Heritage site as “in danger”.

 

What's Killing Coral Reefs? And How Can We Stop It? - Greenpeace USA Great Barrier Reef is nearing its tipping point, beyond which the reef will lose its function as a viable ecosystem. This is not only due to climate change exacerbating marine heatwaves, but also higher ocean acidity, loss of oxygen, pollution, and more.

The reef is suffering environmental conditions so extreme, we’re struggling to simulate these scenarios in our laboratories. Even though Australia has world-class facilities, we are proverbially beating our heads against the wall each year as conditions worsen.

Coral Bleaching is happening everywhere!

 

map coral bleaching 2022 climate crisis

 

What is coral bleaching and why does it happen?

Corals are animals that live in a mutually beneficial partnership with tiny single-celled algae called “zooxanthellae” (but scientists call them zooks).

Zooks benefit corals by giving them energy and color, and in return the coral gives them a home in the coral tissue. Under stress, such as in too-hot water, the algae produce toxins instead of nutrition, and the coral ejects them.
Without the algae, the corals begin to starve. They lose their vibrant colors, revealing the bright white limestone skeleton through the coral tissue.

If stress conditions abate, the algae can return and coral can recover over months. But if stress persists, the corals can die – the skeletons begin to crumble, removing vital habitat for other species.

coral before and after bleaching climate crisis

How will this hurt marine life?

A healthy Great Barrier Reef is home to at least 1,625 species of fishes, 3,000 species of molluscs, 630 species of echinoderms (such as sea stars and urchins), and the list goes on.

Marine life in coral reefs have three options in warming waters: adapt, move, or die.

They can adapt

Over generations, species can make changes at the molecular level – their DNA – so they’re more suited to or can adapt to new environmental conditions. This evolution may be possible for species with fast generation times, such as damselfishes.

But reef species with slower generation times can’t keep pace with the rate we’re changing their habitat conditions. This includes the iconic potato cod and most sharks, which take a around a decade or longer to reach sexual maturity.

Coral bleached white climate change mass die off of coral

They can move

Some species of reef fishes may start moving to cooler waters before the harmful effects of warming take hold.
But this option isn’t available to all species, such as those that depend on a particular habitat, certain resources, or protection. This includes coral, as well as coral-dwelling gobies and several damselfishes.

A citizen science project called Project RedMap, has been documenting the poleward migration of reef fish species due to climate change. Studies have found that larger, tropical fishes with a high swimming ability are more likely to survive in temperate waters, such as some butterflyfishes.

Or they can die!

The third option is one we don’t like to talk about, but is becoming more of a threat.
If marine life can’t adapt or move , we’ll see extinctions at a local scale, total extinction of some species, and dramatic declines in fish populations.

We’ve known for a long time the most important step to save the reef: cutting emissions to stop global warming. Indeed, future projections of coral bleaching from the 1990s suggested that frequent and severe events would begin from the late-2010s – and they’ve been alarmingly prescient.

The Great Barrier Reef’s continuing demise is one of the most visible examples of how our inaction as humans has profound and perhaps irreversible consequences. We are rapidly accelerating toward the tipping point. The end of the reef!

#GreatBarrierReef #ClimateChange #Climatecrisis