Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Hunger Natural Disasters War

Climate change – One of the major causes of modern slavery!

The pandemic, climate change and conflicts, have exacerbated conditions, creating a fertile time for forced labor, forced marriage and child labor. Nearly 50 million people – one out of every 150 people in the world are caught up in modern forms of slavery according to a report released Monday by the United Nations International Labor Organization. How can the world stand by as slavery once again becomes a scourge in the world?

enslaved laborers in an open pit mine

Modern slavery is all around us, but often just out of sight. People can become entrapped making our clothes, serving our food, picking our crops, working in factories, or working in houses as cooks, cleaners or nannies. From the outside, it can look like a normal job. But people are being controlled – they can face violence or threats, be forced into inescapable debt, or have had their passport taken away and are being threatened with deportation.

He bought me like a chicken

Many have fallen into this oppressive trap simply because they were trying to escape poverty or insecurity, improve their lives and support their families. Now, they can’t leave.
The number of people caught up in modern slavery – forced labor or forced marriage – ballooned by 10 million between 2016 and 2021.
Modern slavery takes many forms. The definition of modern slavery includes people who “cannot refuse or cannot leave because of threats, violence, deception, abuse of power or other forms of coercion.” The most common are:
• Human trafficking. The use of violence, threats or coercion to transport, recruit or harbor people in order to exploit them for purposes such as forced prostitution, labor, criminality, marriage or organ removal.
• Forced labor. Any work or services people are forced to do against their will under threat of punishment.
• Debt bondage/bonded labor. The world’s most widespread form of slavery. People trapped in poverty borrow money and are forced to work to pay off the debt, losing control over both their employment conditions and the debt.
• Descent–based slavery. Most traditional form, where people are treated as property, and their “slave” status was passed down the maternal line.
• Slavery of children. When a child is exploited for someone else’s gain. This can include child trafficking, child soldiers, child marriage and child domestic slavery.
• Forced and early marriage. When someone is married against their will and cannot leave. Most child marriages can be considered slavery.
The situation had been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, violence, the war in Ukraine and inflations, all of which worsened conditions and swelled debt levels for many workers. With 300+ million people slipping into severe poverty, tens of millions of climate migrants and tens of millions fleeing violence both military and from criminal syndicates, there are many more vulnerable people to be prey for human traffickers.

mass migrations in Horn of Africa due to worst drought in 4 decades and it is set to get worse.

Many fall prey to job advertisements that seem legit, but turn out to be prisons where the applicants work long hours with little food, no medical care and other deprivations and threats of violence.
Modern slavery is present in basically every country, with more than half of cases of forced labor and a quarter of forced marriages in upper-middle-income or high-income countries.
Migrant workers and refugees are more than three times as likely as locals to be affected which is why climate change is such a driver of slavery. Hundreds of millions of people were forced to flee this year from disasters caused or exacerbated by climate change. For many, there is no returning as their house is gone or fields and livestock destroyed. They then become vulnerable to exploitation and slavery.

Slaves on the March

The ILO also said women and children are by far the most vulnerable. Children account for one out of five people in forced labor, with more than half of them stuck in commercial sexual exploitation.

#slavery #racism #freedom #truth #humantrafficking #slave #modernslavery #humanrights #civilrights #love #covid #equality #slaverystillexists #endslavery #climate #climatecrisis #climateemergency #ActonClimateNow #war #childsoldiers #sexslaves #pandemic


Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War


The time for a dedicated stream of humanitarian funding to respond to climate driven natural disasters is now.

The head of the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said that “famine was at the door” and was likely to occur in south-central Somalia between October and December this year. “The drought, the worst in four decades, driven by climate change, is forecast to continue.

drought in Somalia
Drought in the Horn of Africa is forcing millions from their homes.

Consecutive years of below-average rainfall in the Horn of Africa have created one of the worst climate-related emergencies of the past 40 years. The protracted drought is forcing families to leave their homes in search of food and water, putting their health, safety and education at risk. The drought has killed millions of livestock, destroyed crops and is giving people no choice but to migrate to find help.

dead cattle from drought
Millions of livestock have died and crops have failed. This is the wealth of the people, have died leaving them with nothing.

More than 1 million people in Somalia are homeless from the worst drought in decades. The drought is also causing starvation in Ethiopia, Dijibuti and Kenya.

mass migrations in Horn of Africa due to worst drought in 4 decades and it is set to get worse.
Mass migrations in Horn of Africa due to worst drought in 4 decades and it is set to get worse.

The World Food Programme has said 22 million people: as many people as live in the 7 largest cities in America: New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Phoenix, Philadelphia, and San Antonio; are at risk of starvation.

But funds are slow in coming, with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine among other crises drawing attention and money from the disaster in the Horn. Russia’s invasion also sent global food and fuel prices soaring, making aid delivery more expensive.

refugees from Ukraine
Russia’s war on Ukraine has caused millions of refugees.

And now another natural disaster has struck Pakistan where monsoons 600 times as intense as normal flooded one third of the country. Humanitarian response was slow to materialize, with western media not even reporting it was happening until the magnitude of the crisis forced them to. The flooding in Pakistan has as of now killed 1300 and devastated one third of the country. It finally made western headlines and is attracting aid that is needed to respond to this historic disaster.

flooding in Pakistan
One third of Pakistan is devastated due to flooding. It is reported that the monsoons were 600 times the normal amount of rain.

While it is good that Pakistan is starting to get the aid and attention it deserves, that funding might have gone to the drought in the horn of Africa. But the drought is old news… Funding requests have raised only a small percentage of the aid needed to address this crisis.

Natural disasters used to come at a slow enough pace so when they happened, humanitarian organizations used to be able to raise funds and deploy the resources needed to respond to the crisis. Climate change now makes one disaster overlap with another. Humanitarian organizations are overwhelmed and donors have empathy fatigue. People in need are left to fend for themselves or die!

There needs to be a permanent stream of humanitarian funding from the major greenhouse gas contributors, so money available when needed and humanitarian organizations can respond to disasters when they happen with the resources that they need, no matter whether the disaster is in Europe, the Americas, Asia or Africa.


Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized

Climate change is driving record temperatures almost every day!

Climate change is driving virtually every day

Climate change is driving temperatures higher with record temperatures being set virtually every day.

#climate #climatechange #climatecisis #climateemergency #droughts #croplosses #hunger

For 800,000 years or more, the temperature of the Earth had been tied to the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. For a thousand years, the temperature has fluctuated in sync with the concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2). From 1000 CE until the mid-1900s CO2 concentrations were about 290 ppm on average. Since the industrial revolution, man has pushed the carbon dioxide concentration to more than 417 ppm and climbing. The temperature is climbing as well. We have already locked in a certain amount of climate change, we must act to make sure it is not more.

Climate #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #droughts #croplosses #hunger

Carbon dioxide concentrations are now 417.16 ppm, almost 79% higher than the average for the last thousand years!  Temperatures now are screaming up as well, following the CO2 concentrations.

Carbon dioxide that we emit today will stay at least 100 years in the atmosphere. We already have locked in a lot of warming, and related climate changes. We have to control greenhouse gas emissions so the world remains habitable for our children and grandchildren.

“Remains habitable for our children and grandchildren,” is an often-used phrase, but one we must take to heart and take steps to adapt to our already altered world!

Record-breaking heat continued to affect parts of western Europe during the past week, with UK temperatures exceeding 40C (104F) for the first time since records began.

#climate #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #droughts #croplosses #hunger

Wildfires have been raging across parts of Europe and northern Africa, with 37,000 people evacuated from their homes in France as a result of the biggest fires in 30 years. Strong winds in northern Morocco have exacerbated wildfires, with firefighters still battling the flames.

#climare #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #droughts #cropfailures #hunger

Meanwhile, people in China have been struggling to cope with torrential downpours and hot conditions with more than 900 million people feeling the effects of heat above 40C.

#climate #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #drought #cropfailure #hunger

#climate #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #droughts #cropfailures #hunger

Extreme heat prompt has resulted in alerts in 28 states, including Texas and Oklahoma, both of which hit 115.

200 million people in America have experienced temperatures in the 90s or higher in the last three days. Temperature records have been obliterated in the Great Plains, where thermometers recorded 115 degrees for the first time in recorded history.

#climate #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #droughts #failedcrops #hunger

#climate #climatechange #climatecrisis #climateemergency #drought #hunger

It is time that we take to the streets, to the media and social media, to our elected officials and demand that our politicians finally take action. We can not just keep watching as the old corporations, conservative billionaires, their lobbyists and their followers corrupt our government and impede action on climate change.

It is our world, the only one we will ever know. We must act now to protect it!

Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters War

Over 3 million people in East Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia) are facing starvation

Starvation Looming in Africa and the World’s Attention is Elsewhere!

People wait for water with containers at a camp, one of the 500 camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in town, in Baidoa, Somalia, on February 13, 2022. Insufficient rainfall since late 2020 has come as a fatal blow to populations already suffering from a locust invasion between 2019 and 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic. For several weeks, humanitarian organizations have multiplied alerts on the situation in the Horn of Africa, which raises fears of a tragedy similar to that of 2011, the last famine that killed 260,000 people in Somalia. – Desperate, hungry and thirsty, more and more people are flocking to Baidoa from rural areas of southern Somalia, one of the regions hardest hit by the drought that is engulfing the Horn of Africa. (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA / AFP) (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images)

Over 3 million people in East Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia) are facing starvation but the world isn’t watching and they can’t even get in the newspaper.

Climate change is a major cause of this crisis. After four consecutive failed rains, hunger in the region is worsening week by week. People have already started dying from starvation and the window to prevent mass deaths is rapidly closing.

A joint report from Oxfam and Save the Children in May found that one person is dying of hunger every 48 seconds in drought-ravaged Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. The war in Ukraine has made food “unattainable for millions” of people in East Africa due to the increase in cost and scarcity of food.

The U.N. calls for donations to avert this catastrophe have fallen way short as donor countries grapple with their own increases in hunger and aid to the refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine hold donors’ interest and get their limited foreign aid funds.

People wait for food distributions and health services at a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Baidoa, Somalia, on February 14, 2022. Insufficient rainfall since late 2020 has come as a fatal blow to populations already suffering from a locust invasion between 2019 and 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic. For several weeks, humanitarian organizations have multiplied alerts on the situation in the Horn of Africa, which raises fears of a tragedy similar to that of 2011, the last famine that killed 260,000 people in Somalia. – Desperate, hungry and thirsty, more and more people are flocking to Baidoa from rural areas of southern Somalia, one of the regions hardest hit by the drought that is engulfing the Horn of Africa. (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA / AFP) (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images)

FAO and World Food Programme warn of looming widespread food crisis as hunger threatens stability in dozens of countries.

Climate change, conflict, weather extremes, economic shocks, the lingering impacts of COVID-19, and the ripple effects from the war in Ukraine push hundreds of millions of people in countries across the world into poverty and hunger – as food and fuel price spikes drive nations closer to instability.

We’re facing a perfect storm that is not just going to hurt the poorest of the poor – it’s also going to overwhelm hundreds of millions of families who until now have just about kept their heads above water.

Conditions now are much worse than during the Arab Spring in 2011 and 2007-2008 food price crisis, when 48 countries were rocked by political unrest, riots and protests. We’ve already seen what’s happening in Indonesia, Pakistan, Peru, and Sri Lanka – that’s just the tip of the iceberg. We have solutions. But we need to act, and act fast.

First, we must act to save those who are facing starvation. These disasters can still be averted, but people are already dying, children are already experiencing stunting which will have life-long effects. Once the immediate starvation is addressed the world must immediately focus on hunger in the world as many, many countries are experiencing instability due to high food costs and shortages and that is everyone’s problem to solve.

Starving people clamoring for food
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

Millions will die unless they get immediate help. Support the international humanitarian organizations that are desperately trying to help: @Oxfam, @RESCUEorg, @WFP, @SavetheChildren, @UNICEF

Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

The World is Hungry!!!

Eight weeks into Russia’s invasion, the war is having major repercussions around the world, especially on food security. The UN World Food Programme recently warned that the war was creating a food crisis “beyond anything we’ve seen since World War II.”

Ukraine and Russia are major producers of wheat, barley and corn. They account for a combined share of 27, 23 and 15 percent of global exports between 2016 and 2020. The World Food Programme gets 50% of its grain supplies from the Ukraine-Russia area. World wheat prices soared by 19.7% in March! Corn prices posted a 19.1% month-on-month increase. They hit a record high price, as did barley, sorghum and vegetable oils. Prices are only going to get worse as the war drags on. The human suffering is going to be immense.


People in line for daily delivery of food. Hungry
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC


This is a catastrophe on top of a catastrophe! War – climate change and the pandemic. Right now Climate change is impacting countries all over the world. There are : 1) floods in Australia; 2) tornados in the U.S. Southeast; 3) a tropical cyclone in Mozambique; 4) floods in South Africa; and 5) droughts in Africa (from Gambia to Angola and Eritrea to Somalia), India, Pakistan, Southern Europe, the center of South America, the Southwestern U.S., the Canadian arctic and Northeastern Australia. The predictions are it is only going to get worse. Climate change is also a driver of many of the conflicts and wars around the world. Together climate change and civil conflicts make hunger so much worse.


High temperatures in March 2022
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC


During the Roll/Stroll, I repeatedly warned that 100 million people could slide into severe poverty due to the Pandemic and climate change. Because of the war in Ukraine and the reductions in food, fertilizer and fuel, now 250 million people are predicted to slip into severe poverty. Internationally, hunger has many names. Severe poverty is living on less than US$2.00 per day.

“Without immediate radical action, we could be witnessing the most profound collapse of humanity into extreme poverty and suffering in memory,” said Oxfam International executive director Gabriela Bucher. “This terrifying prospect is made more sickening by the fact that trillions of dollars have been captured by a tiny group of powerful men who have no interest in interrupting this trajectory.”


Simple meal of grain. 2 people eating from the same dish. Hunger is on the rise. Hunger emergency
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC


In many parts of Asia, the Americas and in Africa, many people before the war in Ukraine already were spending 50-60% of their income on food. In the US, the poorest 20 percent of families are spending 27 percent of their incomes on food. The richest 20 percent spend only 7 percent of their incomes on food.

People are finding it harder to find enough food

With prices going up due to shortages and inflation, and more disruptions in the global food distribution system, people are finding it harder to find enough food. It is estimated that more than 44 million people in 38 countries are teetering on the edge of famine. Famines result in malnutrition, starvation, disease, and high death rates. 250 million facing severe poverty, while 800+ million people face hunger (food deprivation, or undernourishment fewer than 1,800 calories/day).  One-in-four people globally – 1.9 billion – are moderately or severely food insecure. Even more people are suffering from simple food insecurity where they don’t know where their next meal is coming from. There are people in your town or city who right now need food!

Starving people clamoring for food
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC

With food prices due to the pandemic, the war, shortages of basic foods (wheat, corn, cooking oil) price going up – this is only getting worse. We have to find our humanity and raise an appropriate response despite the fact that the people worse affected are black, brown, red and yellow. There are plenty of white people who don’t have enough to eat too. Compassion is the key. We are all people, and have to act to help!

Interlocking hands - together we can
#Ukraine #hunger #stophungernow #stophunger #hungeremergency #hungercrisis #fighthunger #climate crisis #climateemergency #climatechange #wheat #starvation #Oxfam #SavetheChildren #IRC


Climate Change Climate Crisis Food emergency Food Resiliency Hunger Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

The First Government Falls Because of Food And Fuel Shortages And Climate Change

First country falls


Climate Change Food Resiliency Natural Disasters Uncategorized War

Like Lemmings, Humanity is Ignoring the Perils of Climate Change and Hunger, and Is Headed Off a Cliff

The latest Climate Report from the IPCC, confirms that climate change is and will increasingly cause food supply shocks.  Harvests are predicted to fail simultaneously in multiple major food-producing countries. Such shocks will lead to shortages and price spikes. Climate change is a “threat multiplier,” making hunger emergencies worse. In some cases, it will be the primary cause. Food productivity is already down 21%.

Climate change does not act in isolation, it compounds food shortages from the pandemic and the war in Ukraine, and makes risks increasingly complex and difficult to manage. Climate change is affecting agricultural productivity in many different ways. Climate change causes increases in mean and extreme temperatures, alters rain and snow amounts, changes the intensity and timing monsoons and storms .

Elevated CO2 concentrations cause uneven increases in temperatures worldwide. Fluctuating wind and jet stream patterns can bring arctic air south and tropical moist air into the arctic.

It is predicted that the world’s population will hit 10 billion people in 2050. It is also predicted that by 2050, we will have hotter temperatures, increased flooding, disruptions in rainy seasons, sea level rise, reduced access to freshwater, all of which will make feeding them more challenging.

The IPCC report demonstrates that if we surpass 1.5°C of warming in the next two decades, even temporarily will result in irreversible impacts to crop, animal and seafood production. Every inhabited region of the world will experience the effects of climate change on food.

Over 40 percent of the global population, already lives in places that are going to be devastated by climate impacts. Despite contributing the least to the problem, they face with the worst impacts and have little or no adaptation funding.

Insufficient rainfall since late 2020 has come as a fatal blow to populations already suffering from a locust invasion between 2019 and 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic. A drought is engulfing the Horn of Africa. (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA / AFP) (Photo by YASUYOSHI CHIBA/AFP via Getty Images)

We laugh at the thought of lemmings running off cliffs into the sea. But humanity has all of the knowledge we need to know that we need to act immediately to build resiliency into our food production and distribution. And rather than taking action, the majority of people are continuing like zombies toward the cliff. We need to mobilize the resources necessary to prepare to the crisis we know is just around the corner.

We have to anticipate crop failures and encourage more production on moderate and low yield areas, so if, using an example from this year, floods reduce the wheat harvest in China at the same time that Russia and Ukraine go to war and potentially reduce global wheat supplies by 30%, there are alternate sources of food. We can do it. We need to stop being polite and demand action. Millions of people are at peril if these preparations are not made.

Climate Change Natural Disasters Uncategorized

Extraordinary Heat Waves Hit Both Poles!

Antarctic areas reach 40 degrees Celsius or 72 degrees Fahrenheit above normal at same time as north pole regions hit 30 degrees Celsius or 54 degrees Fahrenheit above usual levels!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

At this time of year, the Antarctic should be rapidly cooling after its summer, and the Arctic only slowly emerging from its winter, as days lengthen. For both poles to show such heating at once is unprecedented.

The danger is twofold: heatwaves at the poles are a strong signal of the damage humanity is wreaking on the climate; and the melting could also trigger further cascading changes that will accelerate climate breakdown.Arctic sea ice is melting at fastest rate ever. Climate change

As polar sea ice melts, particularly in the Arctic, it reveals dark sea that absorbs more heat than reflective ice, warming the planet further. Much of the Antarctic ice covers land, and its melting raises sea levels.

Scientists warned that the events unfolding were “historic”, “unprecedented” and “dramatic”. When are politicians going to hear their calls???

The iceberg, called A-76, measures about 105 miles in length and is over 15 miles wide. It broke from the western side of Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica’s Weddell Sea, the European Space Agency said. The iceberg is slightly larger than the Spanish island of Majorca and four times the size of New York City

Watch a massive calving in Antactica.

The iceberg, called A-76, measures about 105 miles in length and is over 15 miles wide. It broke from the western side of Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica’s Weddell Sea, the European Space Agency said. The iceberg is slightly larger than the Spanish island of Majorca and four times the size of New York City

1977, at McGill University in Montreal, I learned about the appearance of “global warming” which was being revealed as the world reduced sulfur dioxide emissions that were causing the acidification of lakes around the world. Since then, the reports have grown more and more dire.

At first scientists were subdued pointing out the problem politely, thinking that people would react to the science as they had with the ozone depleting substances and sulfur dioxide. They had not expected the backlash, false narrative and politicization of the issue that Big Oil unleashed.

Now they are shouting their warnings and still not enough people are alarmed. What can we do to magnify the voices for action to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases?

IPCC paths to different futures with disaster of climate change spelled out

The IPCC has plotted the disaster that is going to occur if we don’t durtail us of greenhouse gases. It also plots a path to a sustainable future. We have to follow that path!

Would love to hear ideas. Perhaps with a little help from you, we can make the changes happen!


Adapt, move, or die! 4th Mass Coral Bleaching In 6 Years!

To our horror, another mass coral bleaching event is striking the Great Barrier Reef, with water temperatures reaching up to 3℃ higher than average in some places. This would be the sixth such event since the late 1990s, and the fourth since 2016.

A monitoring mission from the United Nations arrives in Queensland today to inspect the reef and consider listing the World Heritage site as “in danger”.


What's Killing Coral Reefs? And How Can We Stop It? - Greenpeace USA Great Barrier Reef is nearing its tipping point, beyond which the reef will lose its function as a viable ecosystem. This is not only due to climate change exacerbating marine heatwaves, but also higher ocean acidity, loss of oxygen, pollution, and more.

The reef is suffering environmental conditions so extreme, we’re struggling to simulate these scenarios in our laboratories. Even though Australia has world-class facilities, we are proverbially beating our heads against the wall each year as conditions worsen.

Coral Bleaching is happening everywhere!


map coral bleaching 2022 climate crisis


What is coral bleaching and why does it happen?

Corals are animals that live in a mutually beneficial partnership with tiny single-celled algae called “zooxanthellae” (but scientists call them zooks).

Zooks benefit corals by giving them energy and color, and in return the coral gives them a home in the coral tissue. Under stress, such as in too-hot water, the algae produce toxins instead of nutrition, and the coral ejects them.
Without the algae, the corals begin to starve. They lose their vibrant colors, revealing the bright white limestone skeleton through the coral tissue.

If stress conditions abate, the algae can return and coral can recover over months. But if stress persists, the corals can die – the skeletons begin to crumble, removing vital habitat for other species.

coral before and after bleaching climate crisis

How will this hurt marine life?

A healthy Great Barrier Reef is home to at least 1,625 species of fishes, 3,000 species of molluscs, 630 species of echinoderms (such as sea stars and urchins), and the list goes on.

Marine life in coral reefs have three options in warming waters: adapt, move, or die.

They can adapt

Over generations, species can make changes at the molecular level – their DNA – so they’re more suited to or can adapt to new environmental conditions. This evolution may be possible for species with fast generation times, such as damselfishes.

But reef species with slower generation times can’t keep pace with the rate we’re changing their habitat conditions. This includes the iconic potato cod and most sharks, which take a around a decade or longer to reach sexual maturity.

Coral bleached white climate change mass die off of coral

They can move

Some species of reef fishes may start moving to cooler waters before the harmful effects of warming take hold.
But this option isn’t available to all species, such as those that depend on a particular habitat, certain resources, or protection. This includes coral, as well as coral-dwelling gobies and several damselfishes.

A citizen science project called Project RedMap, has been documenting the poleward migration of reef fish species due to climate change. Studies have found that larger, tropical fishes with a high swimming ability are more likely to survive in temperate waters, such as some butterflyfishes.

Or they can die!

The third option is one we don’t like to talk about, but is becoming more of a threat.
If marine life can’t adapt or move , we’ll see extinctions at a local scale, total extinction of some species, and dramatic declines in fish populations.

We’ve known for a long time the most important step to save the reef: cutting emissions to stop global warming. Indeed, future projections of coral bleaching from the 1990s suggested that frequent and severe events would begin from the late-2010s – and they’ve been alarmingly prescient.

The Great Barrier Reef’s continuing demise is one of the most visible examples of how our inaction as humans has profound and perhaps irreversible consequences. We are rapidly accelerating toward the tipping point. The end of the reef!

#GreatBarrierReef #ClimateChange #Climatecrisis

Climate Change Food Resiliency Natural Disasters War

War in Ukraine and Climate Change Demands Food Production Resiliency or There Will Be Hunger!

Among the horrifying humanitarian consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine troubling short-, medium- and long-term disruptions to the global food supply. Ukraine and Russia contribute nearly one-third of all wheat exports.

Barn destroyed in Ukraine

Already, wheat prices have soared to record highs. The fate of the approximately 6 million hectares of wheat planted in Ukraine remains uncertain. This picture will probably only worsen with rising input costs, as supply-chain disruptions, not least of fertilizer and fuel.

Floods impact wheat crops in China.

There could not have been a worse time for heavy rains to have dented China’s winter wheat crop. The last time wheat prices increased sharply, in 2008, it precipitated food riots from Burkina Faso to Bangladesh.

The war highlights the folly of having 2.5 billion people depend so heavily on three main regions of wheat production and export in a changing climate.

The world needs to spread its bets. How? By expanding wheat production in high-productivity areas (North America and Europe) and in regions with suitable conditions (Sudan and Nigeria), and by increasing productivity in places where it is low (such as Ethiopia and Turkey).

Second, real-time monitoring and feedback systems need to be used and scaled to safeguard production and protect the most vulnerable crops. Advances in satellite and remote-sensing imagery make it possible to chart progress in real time.

Third, developments in agricultural science and policy need to target support to women. A decade ago, the FAO estimated that if women had access to resources (land, technology, credit, education and so on) as men did, they could increase yields by 20–30%!

The war in Ukraine, the pandemic and the impacts of climate change are all impacting food production, distribution and global hunger. There needs to be a coordinated response to address this emergency and then to build resiliency, so loss of one crop doesn’t cause massive hunger!